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class="A1">  当前位置Q?span id="Lab_CurrentLocation">首页 > 观点</span></div> </div> <div class="MainCont"> <div class="MainLeft" id="WinLeft"> <div class="B1"> <div class="null"></div> <div id="PanShowTitle" class="lcBlk"> <div id="artibodyTitle"> <h1><span id="Lab_Title">什么是数字孪生QDigital TwinQ,什么是工程行业数字孪生</span></h1> <div class="from_info"> 消息来源Q?span id="Lab_Author">本网?/span>     发布旉Q?span id="Lab_AppearDate">2021/5/19 15:34:19</span>     览ơ数Q?span id="Lab_BrowseCount"></span></div> </div> </div> <div class="null"></div> <div class="B1_01"> <span class="TDContent"><span id="Lab_Content"><p data-track="1" style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">数字化大体系中,数字孪生的概忉|为重要。数字孪?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(18, 18, 18);">也被UCؓ数字映射、数字镜像?/span></span></p><p data-track="47" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial;">什么是数字孪生Q?D模型建立是否是数字孪生Q对于工E行业徏立了BIM模型是否实现数字孪生?数字对象与物理对象呈C么样的关pLQ算是实C数字孪生?/span>q些问题理清非常重要?/span></p><p data-track="44" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">“数字孪生”概念和技术如此重要,2016qvQ?/span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial;">Gartnerq箋四年都将“数字孪生”(Digital TwinQ列为当q的十大战略U技发展势Q?/span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">持箋看好数字孪生在未来发展的前景?/span></span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20210519/6375703522202191552961026.jpg" title="微信囄_20210519152910.jpg" alt="微信囄_20210519152910.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; text-align: center; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; color: rgb(153, 153, 153); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">Q图片来自GartnerQ?/span></p><p data-track="45" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">理论与实证越来越多验证,数字孪生技术已是我们向智慧行业和智慧社会发展的关键技术,要想实现智慧化,必先实现数字化,数字孪生技术是实现数字化必备技术。没有对理对象和业务实现数字孪生,数字化原则上没有实玎ͼ化也׃可能实现?/span></p><p data-track="25" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">很多为,“数字孪生”思想由密歇根大学的教?Michael Grieves 博士最?002q提出的Q?但ƈ没有充分资料支撑。真正有据可查的是,国I军研究实验室(AFRLQ最?009提年Z数字孪生概念Q用于解x斗机l度工作的数字化支持?/span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(77, 77, 77);">2009q美国空军实验室QAFRLQ提Z“机w数字孪生(Airframe Digital TwinQ”的概念?010qNASA也开始在技术\U图中用“数字孪生(Digital TwinQ”术语?/span></span></p><p data-track="32" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size: 15px;">大约?014q开始,襉K子、达索、PTC、ESI、ANSYS{知名工业Y件公司,都在市场宣传中用“Digital Twin”术语,ql在技术构建、概念内涵上做了很多深入研究和拓展?/span></p><p data-track="33" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">“数字孪生”的定义</span></p><p data-track="39" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">数字孪生的定义还没有完全被权威定义,q各有说法:</span></p><p data-track="23" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">癑ֺ癄采用的美国国防采办大学的定义Q数字孪生是充分利用</span>物理模型<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">?/span>传感?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">更新、运行历史等数据Q集成多</span>学科<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">、多</span>物理?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">、多度、多</span>概率<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(51, 51, 51);">的仿真过E,在虚拟空间中完成映射Q从而反映相对应的实体装备的全生命周期过E。数字孪生是一U超现实的概念Q可以被视ؓ一个或多个重要的、彼此依赖的装备pȝ的数字映系l?/span></span></p><p data-track="24" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">德勤的定义:从根本上Ԍ数字孪生是以数字化的形式Ҏ一物理实体q去和目前的行ؓ或流E进行动态呈玎ͼ有助于提升企业W效?/span></p><p data-track="9" style="margin-top: 18px; margin-bottom: 18px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; height: 0px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20210519/6375703523213135525481688.jpg" title="微信囄_20210519152914.jpg" alt="微信囄_20210519152914.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; text-align: center; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; color: rgb(153, 153, 153); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">资料来源Qd勤大学出版社</span></p><p style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size: 15px;">ANSYS公司Q数字孪生是在数字世界徏立一个与真实世界pȝ的运行性能完全一_且可实现实时仿真的仿真模型。利用安装在真实pȝ上的传感器数据作仿真模型的边界条Ӟ实现真实世界的系l与数字世界的系l同步运行?/span></p><p data-track="36" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(77, 77, 77); font-size: 15px;">中国航空工业发展研究中心刘亚威:从本质上来看Q数字孪生是一个对物理实体或流E的数字化镜像。创建数字孪生的q程Q集成了人工、机器学习和传感器数据,以徏立一个可以实时更新的、现场感极强的“真实”模型,用来支撑物理产品生命周期各项zd的决{?/span></p><p data-track="37" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial;">本文的“数字孪生”定义:数字孪生是通过软g数字建模技术将理q营对象Q物理实体、业务或程Q在软gpȝQ数字世界)中实现数字还原和数字建模Q尽可能实现数字模型与物理世界中的物理对象一一对应Q实现完全的映射Q不仅具有有业务、管理所需要的所有高l度数据Q还能仿真出真实理q营对象的越来越全面的业务逻辑、空间逻辑和物理逻辑</span>。这样就实现了管理运营对象的数字孪生Q即在Y件系l有一个管理运营对象的数字孪生体,可以来完全的反映、模拟和仿真真实理q营对象的真实情况,q样可以q原q去Q预未来,验证很多假定Q给予设定的场景数据Q就能验证会发生的结果?/span></p><p data-track="18" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">随着q年数字建模技术的快速发展,通过数字孪生技术实现城市、行业、企业和业务化管理有了可行的路径?/span></p><p data-track="19" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">数字建模技术的体系很庞大,传统的信息化pOA、ERPl也能实现线性流E和业务的数字徏模,在一些行业包括工E行业的某些业务在其它数字化技术如IOT的协同下Q实C务的数字化是可行的。有没有实现数字化徏模,关键在看数字对象能否1:1q原业务对象Q业务逻辑能模拟仿真出来,所有的数据能调到利用,所有的数据关系能还业务对象真实逻辑构徏出来Q因此ƈ不是实现3D才是数字化,当然更不是大数据是数字化?/span></p><p data-track="15" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">大数据与数字孪生</span></p><p data-track="16" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">有了大数据,Z么还要数字孪生。大数据与数字孪生无必然关系Q数据量再大Q也很难反映真实世界关系Q且~少数字孪生体构建数据关p,大量数据无法解读Q无法利用,无法创造数据h|所以数字化Q实现数字孪生)才极为重要?/span></p><p data-track="49" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">现在很多互联|大厂擅长大数据处理和算法,在零售等一些相对简单的行业可以说是有了数字化能力,但对于工E、智慧城市这些基于徏{、工E项目和城市基础设施的领域,q些大厂的数字化能力仍然相差很远?/span></p><p data-track="17" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">当前我们有了来大的感知能力,x握的数据来大。但现在实际情况是很多数据根本用不v来,q消费巨大的存储I间和能源,原因在于q些数据之间关系建立不v来,很难实现集成计算、整体计,即现在h们很难读q些数据Q因此数据利用率很低。如果这些数据的业务逻辑、空间逻辑、物理逻辑被高效率低成本、完全与物理世界一样在虚拟世界中被建立hQ就可以被系l高效率计算利用?/span></p><p data-track="52" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">工程行业的数字孪生:BIM是关?/span></p><p data-track="53" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">实现工程行业的数字孪生,需要一pd数字化技术的集成应用QOA、ERP、IOT、AI法{信息技术系l都会是其中的重要组成部分,其中BIM最为关键,是工E企业成为基于数字模型运营企业的基础性技术?/span></p><p data-track="54" style="margin-top: 18px; margin-bottom: 18px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; height: 0px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><br style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important;"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><img src="/upload/Info/images/20210519/6375703524228767027718270.jpg" title="微信囄_20210519152918.jpg" alt="微信囄_20210519152918.jpg"/></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; text-align: center; font-size: 14px; line-height: 20px; color: rgb(153, 153, 153); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">BIM虽然充满争议Q却是徏设行业实现数字化关键</span></p><p data-track="57" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">q是工程行业的本质决定的。工E行业是所有行业中产品最大,不标准品,数据量最大,低维度的数据库很隑֮成物理对象的数字化徏模,卛_现物理对象的映射?/span></p><p data-track="58" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">我们也可以用传统信息化系lOA、ERP{解决一些业务、流E的数字化,只要通过q些信息pȝ实现_l度、完整数据的获取Qƈ且能q原却能动态仿真、模拟出业务和流E的业务逻辑Q原则上q实现了数字化。但无论目理的核心业务还是企业的核心业务,如成本、质量、安全、技术,甚至是胦务管理,真正实现工程业务Q物理对象)在数字对象的q原仿真Q需要BIM数字对象的技术支撑,否则难以做到?/span></p><p data-track="66" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">BIM的本质是人类开始可以用一个数据库技术来表达一个大型复杂工E,以往人类只能用线条和q面来表达一个工E,仅这一点,BIM是人类革命性技术,带来整个社会的p影响Q?/span></p><p data-track="59" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">几个认知误区</span></p><p data-track="60" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">传统信息化就是数字化</span></p><p data-track="69" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">不能实现物理对象 1:1 数字q原Q徏立完全仿真出物理对象业务逻辑的信息系l原则就未达到数字化的层U,现有传统信息化技术对较简单业务和程能实现数字化建模Q对大量核心业务qBIM技术还是不能实现数字化?/span></p><p data-track="61" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">3D是数字?/span></p><p data-track="67" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">非BIM?D模型技术都是非数字化的Q激光扫描、倾斜摄媄形成?D模型是非数字化的。还是要Ҏ数字化的定义d断数字化的实现程度。不能还原仿真业务逻辑的信息模型都q不是数字化模型?/span></p><p data-track="70" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">蓝图、电子文档(PDF、CADQ、OA&ERP、BIM、AIQ是工程行业从物理介质表达,到电子化、信息化、数字化Q最后到化,q是一个渐q的q程?/span></p><p data-track="68" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">仅有IOT的智慧工?/span></p><p data-track="71" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">IOT不论有多个专业pȝQ原则上物联|应用,q远未达到智能化E度。基本上只实C信息的实时感知,各个IOTpȝ的数据业务关pdƈ未徏立v来,未能Ҏ有IOT子系l数据实现集成计,当作一个整体来处理数据Q智能化E度p相当有限?/span></p><p data-track="62" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">没有数字化就在讲?/span></p><p data-track="73" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">AI的作用是有前提的?/span></p><p data-track="72" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">AI通过机器学习可以分析出相x,或判断出一些趋势,但更多的业务分析q是不行Q只能用于局部小场景。事实了如果数字对象已能q原出物理对象的业务逻辑Q不用AI 法Q直接用业务法卌解决大部分业务问题。数字化对象对算法的要求降低了,更准了Q算力要求更低了?/span></p><p data-track="64" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-weight: 700; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; font-size: 15px;">l语Q智能化企业是基于数字模型运的企业</span></p><p data-track="65" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 20px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px;">要实现智能化企业Q要先实现数字化转型和升U,卌先完成所有业务和决策来基于管理的数字化模型,对工E实体进行数字化建模Q对理程q行数字化徏模,对企业运营模式进行数字化建模?/span></p><p data-track="75" style="margin-top: 20px; margin-bottom: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box; clear: both; min-height: 1em; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; white-space: normal; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; border-color: initial; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei", "WenQuanYi Micro Hei", "Helvetica Neue", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 18px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 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